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    自考综合英语(一)试题_全国2007年1月自考试卷,06年自考“传播学概论”串讲资料二

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    自考综合英语(一)试题_全国2007年1月自考试卷

    全国2007年1月高等教育自学考试综合英语(一)试题湖北自考网5月23日整理课程代码:00794Ⅰ.用适当的语法形式或词汇填空。从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并填在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共30小题,每小题1分,共30分)1.It _______ time to build trust among people from different places.A.spendsB.takesC.findsD.pays2.She is a well-educated young woman of _______ parents.A.respectB.respectfulC.respectableD.respective3.I usually _______ as soon as my head touches the pillow.A.go to bedB.sleepC.asleepD.fall asleep4._______ it rains, we will have a picnic this Saturday.A.IfB.As long asC.ThoughD.Unless5.The teacher read the text _______ fast that the students could not follow him.A.tooB.soC.veryD.such6._______ you have recited the story, you should be able to retell it.A.Now thatB.AlthoughC.In caseD.For fear that7.The old lady will have her teeth _______ in the dentist’s tomorrow.A.fixedB.to fixC.fixingD.be fixed8.The teacher asked the students _______ to read the words on the blackboard.A.on the turnB.at turnC.out of the turnD.in turn9.The girl was so seriously injured that she had _______ at once.A.to operateB.to be operatedC.to operate onD.to be operated on10.There is a heap of dirty clothes waiting _______.A.to be washedB.to washingC.for to washD.washing11.To answer correctly is more important than _______.A.answered quicklyB.a quick answerC.quickly answeredD.to answer quickly12.She put on a lot of weight after _______ two children.A.bornB.being bornC.giving birth toD.birth13.I asked him_______.A.where did he buy the bookB.where he bought the bookC.where he buys the bookD.where he buy the book14.As a rule, _______ cars are much cheaper than new ones.A.usingB.being usedC.usedD.having been used15.His boss asked him to _______ a plan for the project within a week.A.turn outB.work outC.came outD.draw out16.Beijing is different _______ Shanghai in many ways.A.fromB.asC.toD.between17.The farmers _______ in the field since eight o’clock in the morning.A.have been workingB.are workingC.had workedD.were working18.It was _______ that there was nobody on the street.A.so cold dayB.such a cold dayC.a day so coldD.such cold day19.He had no sooner seen the letter _______ he started back home.A.whenB.whileC.thanD.that20.By the end of last year, he _______ English for seven years.A.has studiedB.has been studyingC.had studiedD.studied21.I _______ he would finish the job on time. So I wasn’t worried at all .A.thoughtB.was thinkingC.had thoughtD.has thought22.His mother lived with him for quite _______.A.much timeB.sometimeC.some timeD.sometimes23.Let’s meet at the garden _______ you can see some red roses.A.whichB.thatC.whoseD.where24.The young man found life in Beijing enormously _______.A.excitingB.excitedC.excitementD.excite25.She never forgave her father for breaking his _______.A.promoteB.perfectionC.promiseD.protection26.The cave _______ us from the heavy rain.A.guardedB.foughtC.shelteredD.shadowed27.The abuse of drugs can have very serious and long-lasting _______ on a person.A.effortsB.affectsC.resultsD.effects28.The old man observed him _______ the room with a bag.A.enteredB.enteringC.entersD.is entering29.He proposed that we _______ next Sunday.A.meetingB.shall meetC.meetD.will meet30.He strongly objected to _______ like a child.A.be treatedB.being treatedC.treatD.treatingⅡ.认真阅读下面两篇短文,每篇短文后有五个问题。根据短文的内容从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并填在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)Passage 1Drugs have become a political obsession(困扰) this election year. The House recently passed a bill that would impose a federal death penalty for drug-related murder. The House bill also calls for widespread mandatory drug testing and would permit the use of illegally gathered evidence in criminal trials. The Senate(参议院) is considering ways to bring the House bill to a quick vote, without going through the normally lengthy committee process.Every politician is eager, it seems, to cast a tough antidrug vote before the election in November. It’s as if politicians feel they have to come up with some new and severe measure that hasn’t been tried before, in the hopes it will make the drug problem disappear. The death penalty for drug pushers or those who commit drug-related murders seems to be the favorite of conservatives this year. Now, a handful of liberals have come up with a radical approach at the other extreme: decriminalize drug use in the hopes that it will take the profit out of drug sales.There aren’t any easy answers to the drug problem in America. And election years certainly aren’t conducive(有益于) to discussions of the hard truth of drug use. Drug dealers push their wares because there is a market for them in this country. Legalizing drugs won’t affect that market and, arguably, might increase it by removing the penalties. Nancy Reagan was strongly criticized when she proposed a program to “just say ‘no’ to drugs.” But is there really any other answer? Americans are going to have to face up to some hard questions about ourselves and our values if we’re really going to eliminate drugs. Most of us, unfortunately, would rather talk tough or redefine the problem.31.Which proposal was included in the House bill on drugs?A.to punish drug-related murderers by deathB.to prohibit the use of drugs in any situationC.to make mandatory drug testing illegalD.to refuse to use illegally gathered evidence in criminal trials32.What is the Senate trying to do?A.fight the House billB.put forward another proposalC.speed up the voting processD.establish a committee before the vote33.What are politicians eager to do, according to the author?A.change their constituents’(选民)minds about drugsB.delay a decision on the drug problem until NovemberC.find a way to make the drug problem disappearD.limit the drug problem to a certain group of people34.According to the author, what will happen to the drug market if we legalize drugs?A.The hard truth about drugs will finally be faced.B.Drug dealers won’t be able to sell drugs so easily.C.Pushers may make more money.D.It would benefit those who take drugs.35.How do most Americans deal with the drug problem?A.They generally support the “just say no”drug policy.B.They would not touch drugs.C.They really try to face the drug problem.D.They only talk about it.Passage 2 Men seem to have always taken an interest in meteorites(陨石),but not until the early nineteenth century were these objects considered worth preserving for scientific study. In the beginning people believed that because meteorites fell from the heavens, they were either gods themselves or messengers from the gods. Thus the more civilized of early men carefully kept the meteorites, covering them with costly linens and printing them with oil. In many instances, the people built special temples in which the meteorites were to be worshiped. Meteorite worship was common long ago in the Mediterranean area, and in Africa, India, Japan, and Mexico, such worship still persists in some regions. Although many people held meteorites in reverence(尊敬),particularly if they were seen to fall, other practical-minded individuals made good use of the durable and easily-worked alloy provided by nature in the nickel-iron meteorites. They frequently used this metal to make tools, and often pots and other utensils. Throughout history, meteoritic iron has been used in the manufacture of special swords, daggers, and knives for members of royalty. Attila and other early conquerors of Europe boasted of “swords from heaven.” As late as the end of the nineteenth century ,several swords were made from a Japanese iron meteorite at the command of a member of the Japanese court.36.In the nineteenth century men began to _______.A.study meteorites scientificallyB.preserve meteoritesC.take more than a casual interest in meteoritesD.investigate practical uses for meteoritic iron37.The more civilized(武汉自考) early men tended to _______.A.have no interest in meteoritesB.preserve meteorites carefullyC.recognize what meteorites actually wereD.making practical use of meteorites38.Meteorite worship was _______.A.limited to small isolated tribesB.common everywhere in the worldC.common throughout much of the worldD.limited to the least civilized of early men39.Until the end of the nineteenth century meteoritic iron was used to _______.A.build churches and templesB.manufacture sturdy toolsC.provide special weapons for royaltyD.all of the above40.Implied but not stated: _______.A.Meteorite worship persists in some areas todayB.Since the nineteenth century, man has studied the composition of meteorites.C.Only meteorites which were seen to fall were worshiped.D.Meteorite worship was common in Japan in the nineteenth century.Ⅲ.用国际音标标出下列单词中划线字母或字母组合的读音,并填在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共20小题,每小题0.5分,共10分)(注意;考生使用新式或老式音标均可)41.shoemaker 42.afterwards 43.millionth 44.repeat 45.follow46.funeral 47.author 48.define 49.lecture 50.yellow51.write 52.bleed 53.stretch 54.silence 55.alert56.expose 57.create 58.simple 59.phone 60.charmⅣ.完形填空(将正确答案填在答题纸相应的位置上)(本大题共20小题,每小题0.5分,共10分)A.从下列单词中选择适当的词填空,每个词只能用一次。cars changes cut down easily importantjobs meet modern pollution problems To get rid of the world of the pollution—pollution caused not just by cars, but by all 61 industrial life—many people believe we must make some fundamental 62 in the way many of us live. Americans may, for example, have to 63 the number of privately owned 64 and depend more on public mass transit systems. Certainly the expensive use of new transit systems could cut down on traffic jam and air 65 . But these changes do not come 66 . Sometimes they conflict with other urgent 67. For example, if a factory closes down because it cannot 68 government pollution standards, a large number of workers suddenly find themselves without 69. Questioning the quality of the air they breathe becomes less 70 than worrying about the next paycheck.B.根据课文的内容在每个空白处填入一个恰当的词。Wealth achieved through dishonest means does not bring happiness. Lottery winnings do not bring happiness. Wealth 71 by parents does not bring happiness. In fact, money alone is almost 72 If you have both self-esteem and money, however, you are well on the 73 to happiness. What is missing in 74 self-esteem and money is productive work and a real contribution 75 the happiness of others. The secret to happiness 76 in the contribution towards the happiness of others. You can fool others but you can never 77 yourself. If you obtain wealth through luck or dishonest 78 , you will know you did not earn it. If you have taken advantage or hurt 79 to earn your wealth, you will not be 80. You will not like yourself. You will not feel you are capable.Ⅴ.根据所学课文内容完成下列句子,并填在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)81.According to the author of The Time Message, the best day to stop all study activities is _______.82.While reading newspapers, Sidney’s main problem was that _______.83.Sidney learned from the Jewish man _______.84.In Love of life, though the man was tired and hungry, he could beat the wolf. It is because .85. Pappy invited Agent X to stay for dinner because he wanted .86.The first-class fiddling played by Agent X made him .87. The writer didn’t offer to help the white woman in the station because he knew that .88. While standing next to her son who was dying, Tracy’s mother remembered that Tracy .89.Everyone in the family knew that Lois was overweight, but none of them “ ”.90. The phrase borrowed from boxing “never hit a man when he’s down” means “ ”.Ⅵ.将下列句子译成英语,并填在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)91.有些年轻人把过多的时间和精力都用在了玩网络游戏上。92.无论做什么,我们都必须牢记这些基本规则。93.尽管我有时不同意他的看法,但我们还是好朋友。94.这项工作没有我想象的那么难。95.学生们十分认真地对待这一次的活动。96.要实现我们的目标我们必须努力解决我们面临的问题。97.许多没有考上大学的人在自学。98.他在明天晚上之前完成这篇报告是不成问题的。99.我认为半夜给别人打电话是不礼貌的。100.他告诉父母他在学校得到了很好的照顾。

    06年自考“传播学概论”串讲资料二

    第二章传播学的兴起与学术源流  学习建议  本章主要内容有了解传播学在西方的起源,产生的条件,原因;掌握传播学的学科背景,主要的奠基者,掌握传播过程,主要的传播模式以及传播学的现状与发展趋势。等等。本章需要掌握的知识较多,内容也比较庞杂。需要进行归纳,整理,把复杂的知识变简单,就容易把握了?! 〈パУ钠鹪础 〈パУ奶跫 〈パг谖鞣降牟バ缘诿拦脑颉 〈パУ男纬伞 ”菊轮堵雎缍嗫菩员咴笛Э频奶氐恪 〈パУ难踉ㄔ础 ±刮ざ ÷颉 〉旎说墓毕桌狗贫隆 』舴蚶肌 ∈├贰 〈パУ南肿从敕⒄埂 〉谝唤诖パг谖鞣降牟头⒄埂 ∫?,基本概念  1,传播研究:广义说,凡是对传播现象,传播活动的关注和探索。狭义说:传播学等同于成熟部分的传播研究?! 《?,重点题  1,传播学诞生的条件?! ≈鞴郏喝死嗳鲜赌芰τ辛丝涨暗奶岣?;(可能——学科背景)  传播学  诞生的条件  客观:传播的作用和影响极端凸现。(需要——媒介背景)  2,传播研究不等于传播学?! 〈パ切滦说难Э?,历时短暂;传播研究的古已有之,历史很长;  3,美国成为传播学发源地的原因?! ?,美国最先感受到媒介传播的巨大威力  媒介背景2,政治上:报纸的作用越来越大;  3,经济角度:媒介以传播大量经济信息,二媒介本身也成为企业?! ≡?,社会角度:媒介给大众带来了利与弊?! ∮判闳瞬糯罅坑坷?;  学科背景  培育大量新兴学科,典定传播学的学科基础?! 〉诙诙嗫菩员咴敌缘奶厣 ∫?,简答题  1,如何理解传播学具有的多学科边缘性学科的特点?! 。?)从学科分类上看,传播学既是社会学科,又受自然学科渗透?! 。?)传播学跨学科性质,来源于众多相关学科的兴起,也来源于传播现象,传播活动本身“无处不在,无处不有”的特点?! 。?)与传播学最密切的学科是:行为科学,信息科学;  2,传播学是如何形成的?! 〈パг?9世纪末形成?! 。?)新闻学作为传播学的前身;传播学三大分支:大众传播学,人际传播学,组织传播学; ?。?)众多相关学科为传播学奠定了理论基础?! 〉谌诘旎硕源戳⒋パУ墓毕住 ∫?,基本概念  1,群体动力学:创建人为卢因。其核心内容强调“群体”对“个体”的影响和作用,把社会因素引入心理学研究之中,促成传播学的发展?! ?,拉斯韦尔  3,卢因  4,拉扎斯菲尔德  5,霍夫兰  6,施拉姆  二,重点题  四大奠基人施拉姆对传播学的贡献。(重点题)  姓名理论特点贡献主要著作  拉斯韦尔1,对政治传播进行研究;2,对整个人类传播进行研究;1,提出传播的五W模式;2,倡导“内容分析法”,3,提出社会传播概念;《世界大战时期的宣传技巧》《传播在社会中的结构与功能》  卢因1,1,首创“群体动力学”和“场论”;2,培养一批横跨传播学,社会心理学的弟子;3,提出“把关人”理论;  拉扎斯菲尔德1,创建“二级传播理论”,破除“魔弹论”;2,创导“实地调查法”?!度嗣竦难≡瘛贰陡鋈擞跋炝Γ喝嗽诖笾诖ブ械淖饔谩贰 』舴蚶?,由微观入手,研究传播技巧;2,采用心理学的“控制试验法”研究?!  洞ビ胨捣贰兑炒笱Ч赜谔群痛パ芯看允椤贰 ∈├?0年代末来华访问传播学集大成者。1,是传播学成为独立的学科;2,建立传播学研究机构;3,编辑出版著作;《大众传播学》《男人,女人,讯息和媒介——人类传播概论》《大众传播与社会发展》  第四节传播学现状和发展趋势  1,传播学在发展中取得的成绩和存在问题?! 。?)研究初期,以大众传播现象作用主要研究对象,也出现将特殊提升到一般的高度; ?。?)20世纪50年代,上述成果进一步发展及深化,研究领域扩大,研究多样化; ?。?)传播学跨越国界发展。60年年代批判学派兴起?! 。?)存在问题:过分注重微观研究;过分依赖定量分析方法;传统学派的学者站在维护现有体制的立场上面?! ?,从传播学与现代社会的互动关系中,如何看待信息与传播的内在联系?  20世纪70年代世界进入“信息化时代”,谁拥有最多最好的信息,谁最善于传播,谁成功的希望就最大。社会的发展,国家的建设越来越依赖于“传播”。凡是发生工业革命的国家,地区,必然随之而起控制革命,信息革命?! ?,传播学在中国的发展历程?! 〈パг?0世纪50年的年代传入我国?! ?957年复旦大学新闻系的《新闻学译丛》首次刊登传播学文章?! ∠衷诖パТτ凇俺跏冀锥巍?,以介绍,评价,初步应用为主?! ≈耄骸 』嵋椋?982年在北京召开第一次全国传播学研讨会;  教学:1980年复旦大学首开“传播学”课程?! ∮τ茫?982年北京开展“实地调查法”?! ≈泄厣海?)中国传播实际为材料;(2)为中国传播事业服务;(3)创造新颖的,独到的学术观点,理论架构。

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